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A.前言 (Introduction)

1. 英文字彙的種類

2. 記憶法

3. 英文字彙的七種結構

B. 英文單字記憶十大要訣 (Ten Ways to Gain Word Power)

C.後語 (Conclusion)

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A.  前言:

1. 英文字彙的種類 (Kinds of Vocabularies)

Two basic vocabularies:

閱讀字彙(reading vocabulary)

寫作字彙(writing vocabulary)

6,000 words(reading voc.) x 1/5 = 1,200 words(writing voc.)

新聞週刊(Newsweek)——– 16,000 words

時代雜誌(Time Magazine)— 20,000 words

2. 記憶法(mnemonics)

1.(02)272-829    (04)223-3432     (02) 861-6161 ICRT

2.東西羅馬滅亡日,一師無散士氣留。(諧音)公元 1453年 / 476年

3.Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett’s love letters amounted to 573.(375)

4.  isolate        使孤立                         5.   dogma          教條

6.  mason          泥水匠                       7.   parole           假釋

8.  hostage        人質                           9.   seesaw          蹺蹺板

10.  kidnap         綁架                          11. callus         (生在皮膚上的)繭

12.  mustache 長在嘴唇上面的鬍子  13.  capsize        翻覆

14.  monsoon        雨季                       15.  assassination  暗殺

3. 英文字彙的七種結構 (Seven Structures of English Words)

字首(prefix)  字根(root)  字幹(stem)  字尾(suffix)

(1) 字  首 字  幹 字  尾

pre-                         dict (tell, say)                  -able

in-                           cred(believe)              -ible

a-                            the (god)                          -ist

(2) 字首 +  字首字幹字尾 +  字尾 單字

pre           dict                                        predict

pre           dict       able                           predictable

pre           dict        ive                            predictive

pre          dict          able            ly           predictably

pre          dict           able            ity          predictability

pre           dict           or                             predictor

pre           dict            ion                          prediction

un              pre           dict           able                         unpredictable

un              pre          dict            able           ly           unpredictably

un              pre          dict            able           ity         unpredictability

1+9=10 words              衍生字 (derivative)

(3) 字首 +  字根 +       字尾 =  單字

imagine                                   imagine

imagine              able               imaginable (means)

字首 +  字根 +      字尾 =  單字

imagine             ary              imaginary (story)

imagine             ation           imagination (realm)

imagine             ative            imaginative (writer)

un               imagine             able             unimaginable

un               imagine             ative            unimaginative

1+6=7 words

(4) 字 根 +     字 尾 =  單 字

respect            able              respectable (teacher)

respect            ful                respectful  (student)

honor             able               honorable   (judge)

honor            ary                 honorary    (doctorate)

digest            ible                 digestible  (food)

digest           ive                   digestive   (system)

defense         ible                  defensible  (position)

defense         ive                    defensive   (weapon)

(5) 字首 +  字幹 字首 +  字幹

(1) centipede (hundred / foot)              (2) bigamy (twice / wedding)

(3) apathy (without / feeling)                (4) antipathy

(5) sympathy                                        (6) telepathy

(7) tricycle                                            (8) concubine (with / lie

without marriage)

(6)   字幹 +  字尾 字幹 +  字尾

(1) audible (hear)                                   (2) tangible (touch)

(3) portable (carry)                                (4) mortal (death)

(5) visible (see)                                       (6) vocal (voice)

(7) mental (mind)                                   (8) lingual (tongue)     

(7) 字幹 +  字幹 字幹 +  字幹

(1) biography (life)                               (2) astronomy (star)

(3) philosophy (love)                            (4) patricide (father)

(5) suicide (self)                                    (6) aqualung

(7) manuscript (hand)                           (8) homograph ((same)

B. 英文單字記憶十大要訣

(1)字首法(prefix):

(1) antemeridian (a.m.) (before)        (2) postmeridian (p.m.) (after)

(3) autograph                                    (4) centigrade

(5) miniskirt (small)                         (6) imbalance(beforeb.m.p.)

immoral / impossible

(7) illogical (before l/r)                    (8) monosyllable (alone)

irregular

(9) introvert (within)                       (10) microfilm (very small)

(2)字幹法(stem):

(1) pseudonym (false)                  (2) insecticide (killing)

(3) tenable (hold) xxxx              (4) bronchitis(bronchi)

pneumonia (肺炎)

(5) malnutrition (bad)                   (6) monologue (talk)

(7) aqualung (water)                     (8) prospect (look)

retrospect

(9) geology (earth)                        (10)intact (touch)

(3)字尾法(suffix—-adj. / noun / verb):

(1) teenage (2) entrance (enter)

(3) attendant (4) registrar (register)

(5) bravery (n.)                                   (6) rapidity

bakery (a place of business)               studidity

(7) cigarette (small)                            (8) blacken

(9) beautify (10)booklet (small)

(4) 類似法(similarity):

(1) birth - girth                                        (2) vacation - vocation

( birth control / girth control )

(3) empire - umpire (裁判)                     (4) preposition - proposition (建議)

(5)   letter - litter (垃圾)                        (6) brain - drain (貨幣外流)
(brain drain=人才外流)

(7) middle - meddle (干涉                      (8) number - lumber (木材)

(9) pleasant - pheasant (雉雞)                (10)simple - sample (樣本)

(5) 聯想法(association):

(1) night - knight                                    (2) diploma - diplomat

(3) ground - aground                              (4) issue - tissue

(5) discuss -discus                                  (6) table - tablet

(7)mother - smother (窒息)                     (8) plane -plan

(9) stage - stag (公鹿)                             (10)anger -danger

(Anger is one letter short of danger)

(6) 拆字法(division):

(1) breakfast - break-fast                         (2) candidate - can-did-ate

(3) carnation - car-nation                         (4) eggplant - egg-plant

(5) legislate - leg-is-late                            (6) lieutenant - lieu-ten-ant

(7) attest - at-test                                       (8) papaya - papa-ya

(9) pronunciation __  pro-nun-CIA-tion

(10) Churchill - Church-ill

(7)發音法(pronunciation):

(1) Sep-tem-ber                                               (2) O-c-to-ber

(3) No-vem-ber                                               (4) De-cem-ber

(5) va-can-cy                                                  (6) i-den-ti-fi-ca-tion

(7) pro-fes-sor                                                 (8) pro-nun-ci-a-tion

(9) u-ni-ver-si-ty                                              (10) ac-ci-den-tal-ly

(8) 規則法(Spelling Rules):

prefer-red / prefer-ence / edit-ed /

achieve  /  receive  (When ei or ie is pronounced /i/, put i before e except after c.)

(1) achieve                                                      (2) belief

(3) chief                                                           (4) field

(5) grief                                                            (6) niece

(7) piece                                                          (8) pierce

(9) relief                                                          (10)thief

after c:

(1) ceiling                                                       (2) deceive

(3) receive                                                      (4) conceit

(5) deceit                                                        (6) receipt

(7) conceive                                                   (8) perceive

Exceptions:

(1) either    (2) neither   (3) seize

(9) 強記法(concentration):

(1) aknowledge    a_knowledge         (2) enviroment         enviro_ment

(3) goverment     gover_ment             (4) grammer            gramm_r

(5) indit               indi_t                      (6) mathmatics         math_matics

(7) pasttime        pas_ime                   (8) pronounciation    pron_nciation

(9) talktive          talk_tive                  (10)unforgetable       unforget_able

(10) 卡記法(words on small cards):

aftermath

result

Misery is often the

aftermath of war.

後語:

A word is not yours unless you can use it in a meaningful

sentence or recall it when you need it.(recognition,

pronunciation, spelling, usage